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Biography

JOAQUÍN TORRES-GARCÍA  (b. 1874-1949, Uruguay)

When Torres-García arrived in Montevideo on April 30, 1934 after forty-three years of absence, Torres-García told the press that he had returned to his native country of Uruguay in order to "develop a wide range of activities, to lecture, to teach courses, to achieve... on walls what I have already achieved on canvas,... to create in Montevideo a movement that will surpass the art of Paris." These lofty ambitions were achieved through the creation of his world famous workshop, the Taller Torres-García, where he taught his theory of Universal Constructivism to future generations of Latin American artists.

Before returning to Uruguay, Torres-García arrived at the concept of Universal Constructivism after a long development during which his painting evolved from Mediterranean classicism through periods of Vibrationism, Cubism, and Fauvism. A truly global artist, Torres-García lived in Spain, New York, Italy, and Paris, where his theories and aesthetic style culminated into his characteristic incorporation of symbols located in a geometric grid based on the golden section.

The uniqueness of Torres' proposal consisted of his incorporation of essential elements of indigenous American art into the basic principles of European constructivism and geometric abstraction. Today, he is recognized as a canonical figure in both Latin American and modern art in general, with works in prestigious public and private collections worldwide.

Selected Solo Exhibitions

2018

The Worlds of Joaquín Torres-García - Acquavella Galleries, Inc., New York City, NY

2016

Joaquín Torres-García: The Arcadian Modern - Museo Picasso Málaga, Málaga

 

Joaquín Torres-García: The Arcadian Modern - Museo Picasso Málaga, Málaga

 

Joaquín Torres-García - Galerìa Guillermo de Osma, Madrid

2015 

Joaquín Torres-García: The Arcadian Modern, MoMA, New York

 

Joaquín Torres-García, Sala Dalmau, Barcelona, Spain 

 

Joaquín Torres-García, Gary Nader Gallery, New York 

 

Looking South, Sicardi Gallery, Houston, Texas 

2011 

Torres García: Geometría, creación, proporción, Fundación Iberé Camargo, Porto Alegre, Brazil 

 

Torres-García: Utopía y Tradición, Museo de la Universidad Nacional de Tres de Febrero, Buenos Aires, Argentina 

 

Torres-García at his Crossroads, Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya (MNAC), Barcelona, Spain 

2010 

Trazos de New York, Museo Torres García, Montevideo, Uruguay; Caixa de Río de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 

2009 

Joaquín Torres-García: Constructing Abstraction with Wood, The Menil Collection, Houston, Texas 

2008 

Darrere la màscara constructiva, Centre Cultural de Caixa Girona-Fontana D'Or, Girona, Spain 

2007 

Joaquín Torres-García: Una Vida en Papel, Museu Valencia de la Illustracio i de la Modernitat-MuVIM, Valencia, Spain; Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Madrid, Spain 

2006 

Torres-Garcia: Selected Works, Jan Krugier Gallery, New York 

2005

Universalismo Constructivo, Museo Torres García, Montevideo, Uruguay; Fundación Antonio Saura, Cuenca, Spain; Museo Nacional de Artes Visuales de Chile, Santiago, Chile; Instituto Tomie Othakie, San Pablo, Brazil; Museo Oscar Niemeyer, Curitiba, Brazil; Centro Cultural Borges, Buenos Aires, Argentina; Caixa de Girona, Caixa de Murcia, Museo de Mataró, Spain 

 

ALADDIN. Juguetes transformables, Museo Torres García, Montevideo, Uruguay; Fundación Bank Boston, Santiago, Chile; Museu Oscar Niemeyer, Curitiba, Brasil; MALBA, Buenos Aires. Argentina 2003 Museu Picasso, Barcelona 

2002 

Musée de Strasbourg, France Fundación ICO, Madrid 

1997

IVAM Centre Julio González, Valencia

 

La Pedrera, Barcelona 

 

Fundación BANCAJA, Madrid 

 

Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas 

1996 

Fundaçao Arpad Szenés-Vieira da Silva, Lisbon Museo Pontevedra, Spain

1994 

XXII São Paulo International Bienal, Sala Torres-García 

1991 

Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid IVAM Centre Julio González, Valencia 

1985 

Hayward Gallery, Barbican Centre, London 

 

Fundació Joan Miró, Barcelona 

 

Stadtische Kunsthalle, Düsseldorf 

 

Museum of Fine Arts, Houston 

 

Miami Center for the Arts, Florida 

1981 

Museo de Arte Moderno, Mexico City 

1980 

Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, Venezuela 

1978 

Museu de Arte Moderna, Rio de Janeiro (exhibition destroyed in a fire) 

1975 

Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris 

1973 

Museu d'Art Modern, Barcelona 

 

Museo Español de Arte Contemporáneo, Madrid

1971 

Archer M. Huntington Art Gallery, University of Texas, Austin

1970 

Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York 

 

National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa 

 

Museum of Art, Rhode Island School of Design, Providence, Rhode Island 

1961 

Pan American Union, Washington, D.C. 

 

San Francisco Museum of Art 

 

Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam 

 

Städtische Kunsthalle, Baden-Baden 

1960 

Rose Fried Gallery, New York 

1959 

V Bienal de São Paulo: Sala Torres-García, São Paulo 

1956 

XXVIII Biennale de Venezia: Sala Torres-García, Palazzo Centrale, Venice 

1955 

Musée National d'Art Moderne, Paris 

1950 

Sidney Janis Gallery, New York 

 

Galerias Laietaines, Barcelona

1933 

Museo de Arte Moderno, Madrid 

1929 

Galerie Jeanne Boucher, Paris 

 

Galerie Percier, Paris 

 

Galerie Jean Charpentier, Paris 

1928 

Galerie Zack, Paris 

1927 

Galerie Carmine, Paris 

1926 

Galerie G. A. Fabre, Paris 

1922 

Gallery Hanfstaengel, New York 

1912 

Galeries Dalmau, Barcelona 

1900

Sálo de "La Vanguardia," Barcelona

Selected Public Collections

Museo de Arte Latinoamericano de Buenos Aires (MALBA), Buenos Aires, Argentina

Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes (MNBA), Buenos Aires, Argentina

Museu de Arte Moderna Rio de Janeiro (MAM) , Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil

Museu de Arte de São Paulo Assis Chateaubriand (MASP), São Paulo, Brazil

Museo Botero, Bogota, Colombia

Museo de Arte del Banco de la República, Bogota, Colombia

Musée d'Art Moderne et Contemporain (MAMCS), Strasbourg, France

LaM - Lille Métropole musée d'art moderne, d'art contemporain et d'art brut, Villeneuve d'Ascq, France

The Israel Museum, Jerusalem, Israel

Museo Tamayo, Mexico City, Mexico

Berardo Museum, Lisbon, Portugal

Fundación Joan Miró, Barcelona, Spain

Museu d'Art Contemporani de Barcelona (MACBA), Barcelona, Spain

Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya (MNAC), Barcelona, Spain

Fundación MAPFRE, Madrid, Spain

Museo de Arte Contemporáneo, Madrid, Spain

Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid, Spain

Fundación Telefónica, Madrid, Spain

Patio Herreriano - Museo de Arte Contemporáneo Español, Valladolid, Spain

Kunstmuseum Winterthur, Winterthur, Switzerland

Georgia Museum of Art, Athens, GA, USA

Blanton Museum of Art, Austin, TX, USA

Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY, USA

Samuel P. Harn Museum of Art, Gainesville, FL, USA

Museum of Fine Arts Houston (MFAH), Houston, TX, USA

Museum of Latin American Art (MOLAA), Long Beach, CA, USA

Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA), Los Angeles, CA, USA

CIFO - Cisneros Fontanals Art Foundation, Miami, FL, USA

Perez Art Museum Miami - PAMM, Miami, FL, USA

Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA, USA

The RISD Museum - University of Rhode Island, Providence, RI, USA

San Antonio Museum of Art, San Antonio, TX, USA

San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (SFMOMA), San Francisco, CA, USA

Santa Barbara Museum of Art, Santa Barbara, CA, USA

Art Museum of the Americas (AMA), Washington, DC, USA

Museo Blanes, Montevideo, Uruguay

Museo Nacional de Artes Visuales (MNAV), Montevideo, Uruguay

Museo Torres García, Montevideo, Uruguay