Artists
Carlos Cruz-Diezborn 1923, Venezuela
Carlos Cruz-Diez

“Art is a complex structure of communication, expression, discovery, invention.”

 

Born in Caracas, Carlos Cruz-Diez first studied art at the Escuela de Artes Plásticas y Aplicadas from 1940 to 1945. While studying there, he participated in a lively discussion group which included artists Jesús-Rafael Soto and Alejandro Otero, key figures of the Venezuelan kinetic art movement. He was also influenced by his study of impressionism, as it applied to experiments with color. In his earliest work, Cruz-Diez painted figurative canvases intended to reflect and comment upon social issues. In 1954, influenced by his study of the Bauhaus and the European avant-garde, Cruz-Diez created his first abstract and interactive projects. A year later, he began a series of Objetos rítmicos móviles that consisted of multicolored, movable figures made from wood and, in 1957, he began experimenting with colored light. His first Physichromie--translated as "physical color" these works explore the physical dimension of color--was made in 1959. The following year, Cruz-Diez and his family moved to Paris, where he met Argentine artist Luis Tomasello, and members of the Groupe de Recherche d’Art Visuel, and he quickly became an important member of the artistic communities there. 

 

In 1971, Cruz-Diez established his workshop on the rue Pierre Sémard, in a former Belle Epoque-era butcher’s shop. From that workshop, where he continues to work, he pursued his explorations of color and light with Physichromies, Chromosaturations, Chromo-interference Environments, and large-scale public projects, all of which were developed as investigations into visual and perceptual experiences of color. The artist describes his Chromosaturation series as the exploration of an often-unnoticed reality: “That reality (which I consider visible) leads us along other paths, both perceptive and sensory, to parallel ideas of beauty and sublimation.” Cruz-Diez is internationally considered a master artist of the 20th and 21st centuries for his contributions to the theory and practice of color.

 

SELECTED SOLO EXHIBITIONS

2013: Carlos Cruz-Diez, Light Show, Hayward Gallery, Southbank Centre, London

2012: Carlos Cruz-Diez, Sicardi Gallery, Houston


2011: Carlos Cruz-Diez: Color in Space and Time, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston

2010: Carlos Cruz Diez: The Embodied Experience of Color, Miami Art Museum, Miami


2008: (In)formed by Color: Carlos Cruz-Diez, Americas Society, New York

2007: Carte Blanche Denise René Gallery, Paris


La Couleur Dans L’Espace, Maison de l’Amerique llatine, Paris


Carlos Cruz-Diez, Sicardi Gallery 


2005: Carlos Cruz-Diez, Gego, Jesus-Rafael Soto, Works from the 1950’s to 1970’s, Sicardi Gallery, Art Basel Miami Beach, Miami

 

Carlos Cruz-Diez’s work has also been displayed prominently in numerous historically significant group exhibitions including Inverted Utopias: Avant-Garde Art in Latin America at the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston (2004); The Responsive Eye at the Museum of Modern Art, New York (1967); Latin American Art 1931-1966 at the Museum of Modern Art, New York (1967); and Latin American Artists of the Twentieth Century at the Museum of Modern Art, New York (1993).

 

SELECTED PUBLIC COLLECTIONS

Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, France
Centre National d’Art Contemporain Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France
Collection of Latin American Art, University of Essex, England
Jack S. Blanton Museum of Art, Austin, Texas
Musee de Grenoble, France
Museo de Arte Contemporáneo, Bogotá, Colombia  
Museo de Arte Contemporáneo Sofia Imber, Caracas, Venezuela
Museo de Arte Costarricense, San Jose, Costa Rica
Museo de Arte Moderno “Jesus Soto,” Ciudad Bolivar, Venezuela
Museo de Arte Moderno, “La Tertulia,” Cali, Colombia
Museo de Arte Moderno de Medellin, Colombia
Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, Venezuela
Museo de la Solidaridad, Salvador Allende, Santiago de Chile
Museu de Arte Moderna, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Museum für Konkrete Kunst, Ingolstadt, Germany
Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Texas
Museum of Modern Art, New York, New York
Museum of Modern Art, Sydney, Australia
Palm Springs Desert Museum, Palm Springs, California
Tate Gallery, Millbank, London, England
Victoria and Albert Museum, London, England
 

For full CV please download the PDF below.

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Impressions | Abstractions EXHIBITIONS Impressions | Abstractions
Print Houston
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Pressed EXHIBITIONS Pressed
Prints from Latin America
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Masters EXHIBITIONS Masters
Asis, Cruz-Diez, de Barros, E...
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Carlos Cruz-Diez EXHIBITIONS Carlos Cruz-Diez

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Carlos Cruz-Diez EXHIBITIONS Carlos Cruz-Diez

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Carlos Cruz-Diez | Casa Daros NEWS Carlos Cruz-Diez | Casa Daros
Didactic and Dialectic of Colo...
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 Sicardi Gallery at Expo Chicago... NEWS Sicardi Gallery at Expo Chicago...
Asis, Cruz-Diez, Espinosa, Fe...
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Carlos Cruz-Diez NEWS Carlos Cruz-Diez
Color in Space and Time, The ...
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 Carlos Cruz-Diez | Art Basel... NEWS Carlos Cruz-Diez | Art Basel...

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 Carlos Cruz-Diez, Julio Le Parc,... NEWS Carlos Cruz-Diez, Julio Le Parc,...
A Century of Light and Motion...
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 Sicardi Gallery at Art Basel... NEWS Sicardi Gallery at Art Basel...
Esmeraldo, Sobrino, Asis, Cru...
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 Carlos Cruz-Diez | Liverpool... NEWS Carlos Cruz-Diez | Liverpool...
World War I Dazzle Ship
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 Antonio Asis, León Ferrari, Luis... NEWS Antonio Asis, León Ferrari, Luis...
Pier 92, Booth 328 New York, N...
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Houston Fine Art Fair NEWS Houston Fine Art Fair
Reliant Center Booth S5
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Art Basel Miami Beach 2012 NEWS Art Basel Miami Beach 2012
Miami Beach Convention Center,...
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 Carlos-Cruz Diez | Light Show |... NEWS Carlos-Cruz Diez | Light Show |...

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 Antonio Asis, Carlos Cruz-Diez,... NEWS Antonio Asis, Carlos Cruz-Diez,...

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 Carlos Cruz-Diez | Fondation... NEWS Carlos Cruz-Diez | Fondation...
Circonstance et Ambiguïté de ...
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 Carmelo Arden Quin, Antonio Asis,... NEWS Carmelo Arden Quin, Antonio Asis,...
Pier 92, Booth 416
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 Antonio Asis, Mariano Dal Verme,... NEWS Antonio Asis, Mariano Dal Verme,...
Booth 605
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Carlos Cruz-Diez | Vivir en Arte PUBLICATIONS Carlos Cruz-Diez | Vivir en Arte
Recuerdos de lo que me acuerdo
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L'Atelier de Carlos Cruz-Diez PUBLICATIONS L'Atelier de Carlos Cruz-Diez
Interview with Marion Chanson
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Carlos Cruz-Diez PUBLICATIONS Carlos Cruz-Diez
In Conversation with Marion Ch...
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Carlos Cruz-Diez PUBLICATIONS Carlos Cruz-Diez
Alfredo Boulton
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Carlos Cruz-Diez PUBLICATIONS Carlos Cruz-Diez
La Différence
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Carlos Cruz-Diez PUBLICATIONS Carlos Cruz-Diez
Color in Space and Time
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Carlos Cruz-Diez PUBLICATIONS Carlos Cruz-Diez
In Conversation with Ariel Jim...
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Carlos Cruz-Diez PUBLICATIONS Carlos Cruz-Diez
Sicardi Gallery
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Carlos Cruz-Diez PUBLICATIONS Carlos Cruz-Diez
Reflection on Color
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 Carlos Cruz-Diez | Chromatic... PROJECTS Carlos Cruz-Diez | Chromatic...
Marlins Stadium, Miami
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 Carlos Cruz-Diez | Color Aditivo,... PROJECTS Carlos Cruz-Diez | Color Aditivo,...
Art Basel, Miami Beach
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 Carlos Cruz-Diez | Physichromie... PROJECTS Carlos Cruz-Diez | Physichromie...
University of Houston
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Carlos Cruz-Diez | Art Nexus PRESS Carlos Cruz-Diez | Art Nexus
2014
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Carlos Cruz-Diez | Art Nexus review PRESS Carlos Cruz-Diez | Art Nexus review
2014
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Carlos Cruz-Diez | Arte al dia PRESS Carlos Cruz-Diez | Arte al dia
2014
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 Carlos Cruz-Diez |... PRESS Carlos Cruz-Diez |...
2013
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Carlos Cruz-Diez | NY Times PRESS Carlos Cruz-Diez | NY Times
2008
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Carlos Cruz-Diez | Art Forum PRESS Carlos Cruz-Diez | Art Forum
2008
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 Carlos Cruz-Diez | Circumstance &... TEXTS Carlos Cruz-Diez | Circumstance &...

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