Artists
Carlos Cruz-Diezborn 1923, Venezuela
Carlos Cruz-Diez

“Art is a complex structure of communication, expression, discovery, invention.”

 

Born in Caracas, Carlos Cruz-Diez first studied art at the Escuela de Artes Plásticas y Aplicadas from 1940 to 1945. While studying there, he participated in a lively discussion group which included artists Jesús Rafael Soto and Alejandro Otero, key figures of the Venezuelan kinetic art movement. He was also influenced by his study of impressionism, as it applied to experiments with color. In his earliest work, Cruz-Diez painted figurative canvases intended to reflect and comment upon social issues. In 1954, influenced by his study of the Bauhaus and the European avant-garde, Cruz-Diez created his first abstract and interactive projects. A year later, he began a series of Objetos rítmicos móviles that consisted of multicolored, movable figures made from wood and, in 1957, he began experimenting with colored light. His first Physichromie--translated as "physical color" these works explore the physical dimension of color--was made in 1959. The following year, Cruz-Diez and his family moved to Paris, where he met Argentine artist Luis Tomasello, and members of the Groupe de Recherche d’Art Visuel, and he quickly became an important member of the artistic communities there. 

 

In 1971, Cruz-Diez established his workshop on the rue Pierre Sémard, in a former Belle Epoque-era butcher’s shop. From that workshop, where he continues to work, he pursued his explorations of color and light with Physichromies, Chromosaturations, Chromo-interference Environments, and large-scale public projects, all of which were developed as investigations into visual and perceptual experiences of color. The artist describes his Chromosaturation series as the exploration of an often-unnoticed reality: “That reality (which I consider visible) leads us along other paths, both perceptive and sensory, to parallel ideas of beauty and sublimation.” Cruz-Diez is internationally considered a master artist of the 20th and 21st centuries for his contributions to the theory and practice of color.

 

SELECTED SOLO EXHIBITIONS

2015: Carlos Cruz-Diez: A Chromatic Condition, Sicardi Gallery, Houston, TX, USA

2014: Cruz-Diez en noir et blanc, Maison de l'Amérique Latine, Paris, France

Circonstance et Ambiguïté de la Couleur, Fondation Vasarely, Aix-en-Provence, France

Didactic and Dialectice of Color, Casa Daros, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

2013: Carlos Cruz-Diez, Light Show, Hayward Gallery, Southbank Centre, London, England

2012: Carlos Cruz-Diez, Sicardi Gallery, Houston
, TX, USA

Carlos Cruz-Diez: Circumstance and Ambiguity of Color, Jiangsu Provincial Art Museum, Nanjing, China; Henan Art Museum, Zhengzhou, China

Carlos Cruz-Diez: Color in Space, Jeonbuk Province Art Museum, Jeonbuk, South Korea; Dream Forest Arts Center, Sang Sang Tok Tok Gallery, Seoul, South Korea

2011: Carlos Cruz-Diez: Color in Space and Time, The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston (MFAH), Houston, TX, USA

2010: Carlos Cruz Diez: The Embodied Experience of Color, Pérez Art Museum Miami, FL, USA


Environment Chromatic-Interferences, Guangdong Museum of Art, Guangdong, China

Circonstance et Ambiguite de la Couleur, Galerie Denise René, Espace Marais, Paris, France

2009: Carlos Cruz-Diez. El Color Sucede, Museu d'Art Espanyol Cotemporani, Palma, Spain; Museo de Arte Abstracto Español, Cuenca, Spain

2008: (In)formed by Color: Carlos Cruz-Diez, Americas Society, New York, NY, USA

2007: Carte Blanche, Denise René Gallery, Paris
, France

La Couleur Dans L’Espace, Maison de l’Amerique Latine, Paris, France


Carlos Cruz-Diez, Sicardi Gallery, Houston, TX, USA

2005: Carlos Cruz-Diez, Gego, Jesus-Rafael Soto, Works from the 1950’s to 1970’s, Sicardi Gallery, Art Basel Miami Beach, Miami, FL, USA

Carlos Cruz-Diez: Interactive Random Chromatic Experience, Sicardi Gallery, Houston, TX, USA

 

Carlos Cruz-Diez’s work has also been displayed prominently in numerous historically significant group exhibitions including Inverted Utopias: Avant-Garde Art in Latin America at the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston (2004); The Responsive Eye at the Museum of Modern Art, New York (1967); Latin American Art 1931-1966 at the Museum of Modern Art, New York (1967); and Latin American Artists of the Twentieth Century at the Museum of Modern Art, New York (1993).

 

SELECTED PUBLIC COLLECTIONS

Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, France

Bibliotheque Nationale, Zagreb, Croatia

Blanton Museum of Art, Austin, TX, USA

Cabinet des Estampes, Geneva, Switzerland

Casa de las Americas, Havana, Cuba

Centre de la Gravure et de l’Image Imprimee, Belgium

Centre National d’Art Contemporain Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France

Collection of Latin American Art, University of Essex, Colchester, UK

Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambrige University, Cambridge, UK

Galeria de Arte Nacional, Caracas, Venezuela

Kunstmuseum, Bern, Switzerland

Kunstverein Gelsenkirchen, Germany

Musee d’Art Contemporain, Montreal, Canada

Musee d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, France

Musee de Grenoble, France

Musee de la Chaux-des-Fonds, Switzerland

Museo Civico, Turin, Italy

Museo de Arte Contemporáneo Sofia Imber, Caracas, Venezuela

Museo de Arte Contemporáneo, Bogotá, Colombia       

Museo de Arte Costarricense, San Jose, Costa Rica

Museo de Arte Moderno “Jesus Soto,” Ciudad Bolivar, Venezuela

Museo de Arte Moderno de Medellín, Colombia

Museo de Arte Moderno, “La Tertulia,” Cali, Colombia

Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, Venezuela

Museo de la Solidaridad, Salvador Allende, Santiago de Chile

Museu de Arte Moderna, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil      

Museum des 20, Jahrhundert, Vienna, Austria

Museum für Konkrete Kunst, Ingolstadt, Germany

Museum Moderner Kunst, Cuxhaven Otterndorf, Germany

The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston (MFAH), Houston, TX, USA

The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), New York, NY, USA

The Museum of Modern Art, Sydney, Australia

The Museum of Modern Art, Taipei, Taiwan

Museum Rhode Island, School of Design, Providence, RI, USA

Muzeum Okregowe, Chelm, Poland

Neue Pinakothek, Munich, Germany           

Palm Springs Desert Museum, Palm Springs, California

Quadrat Josef Albers Museum, Bottrop, Germany

Sonja Henie-Musee d’Art Moderne, Hovikodden, Oslo, Norway

Stadtische Kunsthalle, Manneheim, Germany

Tate Gallery, Millbank, London, UK

Victoria and Albert Museum, London, UK

Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Dr. Peter Ludwig Collection, Cologne, France

Wurth Museum, Schawabish Hall, Germany

 

For full CV please download the PDF below.

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EXHIBITIONS Masters
Asis, Cruz-Diez, de Barros, E...
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EXHIBITIONS Carlos Cruz-Diez
La Autonomia del Color
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EXHIBITIONS Carlos Cruz-Diez
A Chromatic Condition
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EXHIBITIONS Carlos Cruz-Diez

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EXHIBITIONS Carlos Cruz-Diez

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EXHIBITIONS Impressions | Abstractions
Print Houston
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EXHIBITIONS Sculpture / Vision
Asis, Cruz-Diez, Ferrari, de ...
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EXHIBITIONS Pressed
Prints from Latin America
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EXHIBITIONS Antonio Asis, Carlos Cruz-Diez, Thomas...

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NEWS Chroma: Carlos Cruz-Diez at SCAD Museum...

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NEWS Carlos Cruz Diez, Martha Boto, Manuel...
The Illusive Eye | El Museo d...
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NEWS Cruz-Diez, Le Parc, Soto, and Vardanega
The Grand Palais, Paris
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NEWS Blaszko, Cruz-Diez, Espinosa, Ferrari,...
Sicardi Gallery at Art Basel ...
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NEWS Carlos Cruz-Diez
Contempler le silence : Prome...
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NEWS Antonio Asis, Martha Boto, Carlos...
El Museo del Barrio: The Illus...
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NEWS Carlos Cruz-Diez
Liverpool Biennial, UK
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NEWS Asis, Cruz-Diez, Esmeraldo, Espinosa, Le...
Sicardi Gallery at Art Basel ...
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NEWS Asis, Cruz-Diez, Esmeraldo, Espinosa,...
Sicardi Gallery at Art Basel ...
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NEWS Carlos Cruz-Diez
The Museum of Fine Arts, Houst...
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NEWS Asis, Ferrari, Tomasello, Cruz-Diez,...
Sicardi Gallery at The Armory...
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NEWS Sicardi Gallery at Art Basel Miami Beach...
Cruz-Diez, Esmeraldo, Espinos...
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NEWS Carlos Cruz-Diez, Manuel Espinosa, León...
Abstract Experiments: Latin ...
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NEWS Asis, Cruz-Diez, Ferrari, de la Mora,...
Sicardi Gallery at the Dallas ...
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NEWS Carlos Cruz-Diez
Museum of Contemporary Art, S...
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NEWS Carlos Cruz-Diez
Fondation Vasarely
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NEWS Asis, Cruz-Diez, Esmeraldo, Espinosa,...
Sicardi Gallery at Art Basel ...
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NEWS Houston Fine Art Fair
Booth S5
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NEWS Cruz-Diez, de la Mora, Espinosa,...
Sicardi Gallery at Expo Chica...
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NEWS Asis, Cruz-Diez, Dal Verme, Ferrari,...
Sicardi Gallery at Expo Chica...
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NEWS Jesús Rafael Soto, Carlos Cruz-Diez,...
Eye Attack | Louisiana Museum...
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NEWS Asis, Boto, Cruz-Diez, Le Parc, Sobrino,...
La Patinoire Royale, Brussels
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NEWS Carlos-Cruz Diez
Hayward Gallery, Southbank Ce...
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NEWS Arden Quin, Asis, Blaszko, Cruz-Diez,...
Sicardi Gallery at The Armory...
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NEWS Carlos Cruz-Diez
Casa Daros, Rio de Janeiro
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NEWS Carlos Cruz Diez at the Espace de l'Art...
Exhibition Dialogues concrets...
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NEWS Asis, Cruz-Diez, Espinosa, Ferrari,...
Sicardi Gallery at Expo Chicag...
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NEWS Jesús Soto, Carlos Cruz-Diez, Julio Le...
Kinesthesia: Latin American K...
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NEWS Carlos Cruz-Diez
Sicardi Gallery at Art Basel ...
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NEWS Carlos Cruz-Diez
Maison de l’Amérique Latine
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NEWS Carlos Cruz-Diez
City University, London, Engla...
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NEWS Art Basel Miami Beach 2012
Miami Beach Convention Center,...
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PUBLICATIONS Carlos Cruz-Diez | Vivir en Arte
Recuerdos de lo que me acuerdo
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PUBLICATIONS L'Atelier de Carlos Cruz-Diez
Interview with Marion Chanson
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PUBLICATIONS Carlos Cruz-Diez
La Différence
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PUBLICATIONS Carlos Cruz-Diez
Color in Space and Time
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PUBLICATIONS Cruz-Diez
Alfredo Boulton
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PUBLICATIONS Carlos Cruz-Diez
Sicardi Gallery
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PUBLICATIONS Carlos Cruz-Diez
In Conversation with Ariel Jim...
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PUBLICATIONS Carlos Cruz-Diez
Reflection on Color
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PROJECTS Carlos Cruz-Diez
Marlins Stadium, Miami
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PROJECTS Carlos Cruz-Diez
Art Basel, Miami Beach
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PROJECTS Carlos Cruz-Diez
City Center, Washington, DC
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PROJECTS Celebrating 20 Years

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PROJECTS Carlos Cruz-Diez
The University of Houston
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PRESS Carlos Cruz-Diez | Libération
2014
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PRESS Carlos Cruz-Diez | Art Nexus
2014
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PRESS Carlos Cruz-Diez | Art Nexus review
2014
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PRESS Carlos Cruz-Diez | Arte al dia
2014
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PRESS Carlos Cruz-Diez |...
2013
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PRESS Carlos Cruz-Diez | NY Times
2008
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PRESS Carlos Cruz-Diez | Art Forum
2008
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TEXTS Carlos Cruz-Diez | Circumstance &...

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