Biography

JULIO LE PARC (b. 1928, Argentina)

“Movement was the ideal solution … and when I saw that light could offer me a solution and at the same time enable me to continue with my investigations, I concentrated on that theme.” 

Julio Le Parc was born in 1928 to a working-class family in Mendoza, Argentina. He studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Buenos Aires before moving to Paris in 1958. In 1960, along with François Morellet, Francisco Sobrino, Yvaral and others, Le Parc formed GRAV (Groupe de Recherche d’ Art Visuel), a group which produced participatory art. The artists of GRAV added the element of movement to their work, to alter time and space and engage viewers in both a visual and visceral way.

While Le Parc is known for creating work that relies heavily upon theory and abstraction, throughout his career he has been concerned with the breakdown of structures that uphold the divisions between art and society. He routinely used questionnaires to solicit information from the public about their thoughts on modern and avant-garde art. On April 19, 1966 GRAV created Une Journée dans la rue (Day in the Street) in Paris. The public project invited passersby to walk and balance on large, uneven blocks of wood, to look through a giant kaleidoscope, and to interact with various projects. In one of the several manifestos produced by GRAV, Le Parc writes of “a transformation role of the artist, from an individual creator into a sort of activator to bring people out their dependence and passivity.”

After GRAV disbanded in 1968, each of the participating artists continued to make work on his own. Le Parc’s production ranges from intense color studies to large sculptures and interactive installations, all focused upon the intimate relationship between viewer and object. His paintings and sculptures blur the lines between modernity and the natural world, creating structures that combine both industrial precision and organic forms—plant-like structures that recall stems and growth.

Le Parc’s most widely exhibited work deals with light: using reflection, refraction, and shadows to create dazzling arrangements, to produce a “dynamic viewer.” His light installations are made from materials such as wire, mirrors, lenses and boxes. In these works rotating parts complicate the location of the light source, creating a sense of wonder and awe.

Selected Solo Exhibitions

2017

Julio Le Parc: Form into Action - Instituto Tomie Ohtake, São Paulo

 

Julio Le Parc: Bifurcations - Galerie Perrotin - Paris, Paris

2016

Form into Action, Perez Art Museum Miami (PAMM) Miami FL USA

 

Premio Escultura Julio Le Parc, Fundación Fortabat, Puerto Madero, Argentina

 

Presentación Variations autour de la longue marche, Maison des Carrés Hermès, Buenos Aires, Argentina

 

Esfera Azul, Centro Cultural Kirchner (CCK), Buenos Aires, Argentina

 

Julio Le Parc: Form->Action, Pérez Art Museum (PAM), Miami, FL, USA

2015 

Variations autour de la longue marche, Maison des Carrés Hermès, Buenos Aires, Argentina

 

Homenaje a Julio Le Parc, Biennal Curitiba: Luz do mundo, Museo Oscar Niemeyer, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil

 

Lumière en Mouvement: Julio Le Parc, Lexus Hybrid Art, Moscow, Russia

 

Julio Le Parc: Lumière, Bildmuseet, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden

 

Instituto Inhotim, “Dias que parecem não passar”, palabras Julio Le Parc

2014

Inauguración Torsión I y Sphère Rouge, Brickell Avenue, Miami, FL, USA

 

Julio Le Parc: A Kaleidoscopic, Serpentine Sackler Gallery, London, England

 

Julio Le Parc: Lumière, Museo de Arte Latinoamericano de Buenos Aires Malba (MALBA), Buenos Aires, Argentina 

2013

A Constant Quest, Galería Nara Roesler, São Paulo, Brasil

 

Julio Le Parc, Palais de Tokyo, Paris, France 

 

Julio Le Parc Coleurs, Bugada & Cargnel, Paris, France

 

Alchimies, Modulations, Torsions, Galerie Lélia Mordoch, Paris, France

 

Julio Le Parc, Galerie Denise René, Paris, France

 

Julio Le Parc: Multiples, Galerie de Multiples, Paris, France

 

Le Parc Lumière: Kinetic Works by Julio Le Parc, Casa Daros, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

2012

Nuit Blanche 2012: Obélisque en lumière Le Parc, Place de la Concorde, Paris, France Lumière en vibration, Espace Beaugrenelle, Paris, France

2011

L'œil du cyclope. Œuvres de 1959 à 1971, Galerie Bugada & Cargnel, Paris, France

2010

Otra Mirada, Centro Cultural Borges, Buenos Aires, Argentina

2009

Le Parc Lumière, Casa de las Américas, La Havane, Cuba

 

Torsión 4, sculpture, Monterrey, Mexico

2008 

Julio Le Parc: Histoire de Lumière, Galerie Lélia Mordoch, Paris, France 

 

Blanco - Negro/Blanco - Negro, Galeria Argentina, Paris, France

2007

Luz en Movimiento. Colleción Daros-Latinamerica, Biblioteca Luis Angel Arango Casa Republicana, Bogota, Colombia

 

Julio Le Parc, Galeria Nara Roesler, São Paulo, Brazil

2006

Julio Le Parc et Vertige Vertical, Orangerie du Château de Sucy, Sucy-en-Brie, France

 

Le Parc Lumière, Laboratoire d'art Alameda, Mexico City, Mexico

2005

Le Parc Lumière, Fondation Daros-LatinAmerica, Zürich, Switzerland

 

Julio Le Parc et Vertige Vertical, L’Orangerie, Cachan, France

2004 

Archivio di Stato / Palazzo del Senato

2003

Il Cinetismo quarant'anni dopo, Circolo degli Artisti, Palazzo Graneri della Rocca, Torino, Italy

2002

Modulations & Alchimies, Studio F.22, Palazzolo sull’Oglio, Brescia, Italy

 

Galleria d’arte Tarozzi, Pordenone, Italy

2001

Julio Le Parc: Luz e Movimento, Pinacoteca, São Paulo, Brazil 

 

Julio Le Parc: Retrospectivamente, Galerie Nara Roesler, São Paulo, Brazil

 

O escultor da luz e do movimento, Centro Dragão do Mar de Arte e Cultura, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brésil

 

Opere dagli anni '60 al 2000, Valmore Studio d'Arte, Vicenza, Italy

2000

Dialogando con la luz de Julio Le Parc, Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Neuquen, Argentina. Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Cordoba, Argentina

 

Julio Le Parc y Homenaje a Las Manos Silenciadas de Martha Le Parc, Espacio Contemporáneo de Arte, Mendoza, Argentine

 

Alchimies 1988-2000, Galerie Lavignes-Bastille, Paris, France

 

Julio Le Parc Fête La Lumière, La Galerie Villa des Tourelle, Nanterre, France 

1999

Espaço Julio Le Parc, Experiencias de 1959 a 1999, II Bienal de Artes Visuais do Mercosul, Porto Alegre, Brazil

 

Dialogue Lumière. Exposition des Deux Côtés de la Mar, Fort Liédot, l'Ile d'Aix, France. Tour Saint-Nicolas, la Rochelle, France

 

Modulation, Galleria Melesi, Lecco, Italy

1998

Alquimas, Sala de Arte Contemporaneo, Quito, Equador

1997

Julio Le Parc, Galeries du Théâtre, Centre Culturel de Cherbourg, France

 

Salle des Jeux, Ecole de Beaux Arts, Cherbourg, France

 

Julio Le Parc, Galeria Italia, Alicante, Spain

 

Alquimas, Sala de Exposiciones CAM, Alicante, Spain 

1996

Julio Le Parc: Alquimias, Galeria Rayuela, Madrid, Spain. Studio f22, Brescia, Italy. Galeria Italia Alicante, Spain

 

Salle de Jeux et Travaux de Surface, Anis Gras, Arcueil, France 

 

Alchimies: Œvrues Récentes, Galerie Dionne, Paris, France 

 

Les Années Lumière, Espace Electra, Paris, France 

1995

Les Années Lumière. Espace Art Brenne, Parc Naturel de La Brenne, France

 

Portes Ouvertes, Cachan, France 

1994

Recherches 1958-1994, Galerie Michael, Heidelberg, Germany

 

Art en Fête – Fête de l’Art, Galerie Les Lumières, Nanterre, France

1993

Julio Le Parc, Studio F.22, Palazzolo sull’Oglio, Brescia, Italy

1992

Alquimias, Galería Van Eyck, Buenos Aires, Argentina

 

Recherches 1958-1973, Galerie Schoeller, Düsseldorf, Germany

 

Galleria Paolo Nanni, Bologna, Italy

1991

Obra reciente, Galería Punto, Valence, Spain

 

Galerie Italia, Alicante, Spain

 

Galleria Melesi, Lecco, Italy

1990

Galería Aritza, Bilbao, Spain

 

Opere grafiche e acrilici di Julio Le Parc, Verifica 8+1, Mestre, Venise, Italy

 

Galería Trazos Tres, Santander, Spain

 

Galleria Bergamini, Milan, Italy

 

Alquimias, Galería Rayuela, Madrid, Spain

 

Julio Le Parc, Studio F.22, Palazzolo sull’Oglio, Italy

 

Alchimie e Modulazioni, Galleria d’Arte Moderna Rotta, Gênes, Italy

1989

Galerie Van Eyck, Buenos Aires, Argentina

 

Experiencias. Retrospectiva, Universidad Católica, Santiago, Chili

 

Experiencias – 30 años (1958-1988), 5ta Avenida, Mendoza, Argentina

1988

Rétrospective Le Parc & Le Parc, Salas Nacionales, Buenos Aires, Argentina

 

Modulazioni di Julio Le Parc, Studio F.22, Palazzolo sull’Oglio, Italy

 

Julio Le Parc, Galería Alberto Elia, Buenos Aires, Argentina

 

Julio Le Parc, Maison de la culture, Salta, Argentina

 

Julio Le Parc, Galerie Pryzmat, Cracovie, Poland

1987

Modulaciones, Galería Carmen Waugh, Santiago, Chilé

 

Julio Le Parc, Galerie Aeblegaarden, Copenhagen, Denmark

 

Julio Le Parc, Galerías Arte Autopista, Medellín, Colombia

 

Julio Le Parc, Sala de Arte Contemporaneo, Quito, Ecuador

 

Julio Le Parc, Salle Municipal, Crevillent, Spain

 

Julio Le Parc, Galleria la Chiocciola, Padua, Italy

 

Julio Le Parc, Villa Durazzo, Santa Margherita Ligure, Italy

 

Julio Le Parc, Institut Français de Culture, Santiago, Chile

1986

Obra reciente, Galería Punto, Valence, Spain

 

Julio Le Parc, Galería Italia 2, Alicante, Spain

 

Portes ouvertes à l’atelier Le Parc, Atelier Le Parc, Cachan, France

 

Rétrospective 1959-1985, Salle Municipal, Valencia, Spain

 

Rétrospective. La Lonja, Zaragoza, Spain

1985

Julio Le Parc, Galerie Juan Gris, Madrid, Spain

 

Julio Le Parc, Galerie Rayuela, Madrid, Spain 

 

Modulaciones, Sala de Arte Contemporáneo, Quito, Ecuador

1984

Julio Le Parc, Galerie II Cenobio, Milan, Italy

 

Modulaciones, Galería Alberto Elía, Buenos Aires, Argentina

 

Julio Le Parc, Galería Camino, Brent, Lima, Peru

 

Julio Le Parc, Galerías Arte Autopista, Medellín, Colombia

 

Nuevas Modulaciones, Galería de arte Diners, Bogota, Colombia

 

Julio Le Parc, Musée Omar Rayo, Roldanillo, Colombia

Selected Public Collections

Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY, USA

Fondation Peter Stuyvesant, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Fondation Sara-Hilder Tempere, Finland

Galerie Nationale d'art Moderne, Rome, Italy

Galerie Suvremene Umjetnosti, Zagreb, Yugoslavia

Kunsthalle Nürnberg, Nürnberg, Germany

Musée d'art Contemporain Montréal, Montreal, Canada

Musée d'Art Moderne de a Ville de Paris, France

Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, Venezuela

Museo Extremeño e Iberoamericano de Arte Contemporáneo (MEIAC), Badajoz, Spain

Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Museum Athenaeum, Helsinki, Finland

Museum Bymans-Van Beuningen, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

Museum of Fine Arts, Houston (MFAH), TX, USA

Museum Lousiana, Humbleabaek, Denmark

Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), New York, NY, USA

New Orleans Museum of Art (NOMA), New Orleans, LA, USA

Tate Gallery, London, UK

Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN, USA

Walraf-Richartz-Museum, Koln, Germany